In this article we’ll cover the following:
- Drug use trends in Indiana
- Substance Use in the Treatment Population
- Drug abuse Societal Impacts
- Support for Community-Based Prevention
- Cities of Indiana
Indiana faces its unique set of public health problems according to the national statistics.
According to the National Survey on Drug Abuse, Indiana belongs to the top ten states with high rates of drug abuse in several categories.
Over the past ten years, alcohol and tobacco remain to be the most widely used substances. The categories include non-medical pain reliever use among persons over age 12. It also consists of the nonmedical use of pain relievers among persons age 18-25.
Reports support that Marijuana is the most common drug considered in drug treatment admissions.
The opioid epidemic also impacted Indiana. Abuse of prescription pain relievers and heroin led a significant increase in addiction treatment admissions and overdose deaths.
Drug use trends in Indiana
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 8.98% of Indiana residents are reported using illicit drugs. Also, 6.66% of Indiana residents are reported using an illegal drug other than marijuana.
Prescription opioids (Pain relievers) and Heroin
Healthcare professionals typically prescribe these pharmaceutical drugs. These drugs are for treating acute or chronic pain conditions.
Opioids work by binding to specific opioid receptors in the body. They generate pain relief. In higher dosage, they may produce a feeling of euphoria. With its addictive nature, opioids are often abused.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse found out that the majority of people who use prescription opioids for nonmedical purposes get them from their relative or friend.
According to Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, disorders related to prescription opioids affected 1.0 million Americans from 12 and over in 2014.
Prescription drugs and heroin are both opioid-based. They share physical properties and effects. According to NIDA, a subset prescription drug users progress to using heroin.
The national increase in heroin use links to heroin’s increasing availability at a low cost. According to the CDC, the level of use of prescription and non-prescription opioids across the country has reached epidemic proportions.
Substance Use in the Treatment Population in Indiana
Alcohol has been the top reason for people who seek treatment. Also, alcohol-drinking along with marijuana belonged to the top tier of the most abused substances that result to admissions.
This trend is also true for the national level until 2012. At that point, Heroin replaced marijuana as the 2nd most common choice for substance abuse.
From 2005 through 2014, there was a prevalent shift in the drug choice for those who needed treatment admissions.
On the national scale, Cocaine decreased went down to 4% from 12%. At the same time, prescription pain reliever, heroin, and meth rose its percentage as the reason for treatment admission with 155%, 413%, and 66% increase respectively.
In Indiana, the number of treatment admissions due to heroin abuse is lower compared to the rest of the nation. However, Indiana experienced a notable rise in treatment admissions linked to heroin use.
Also, the use of more than one substance aka Polysubstance use is linked to more than have of treatment admissions.
Drug abuse Societal Impacts
- Drug-induced death
According to WONDER online database, 964 people died in Indiana in 2010 due to drug abuse. Statistically, Indiana drug-induced deaths are 14.9 per 100,000 population. This percentage exceeded the national rate which is 12.9 per 100,000.
- Children exposed to meth labs
153 Indiana children were rescued from homes that ran meth labs in 2016.
- Drug arrests
23,000 arrests were made in Indiana due to possession or sale of drugs in 2014.
Support for Community-Based Prevention
The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) supports Drug-Free Communities (DFC) Program. The DFC mobilizes communities to lessen the youth drug use through various strategies. ONDCP supports growth this purpose through grants.
In 2013, various Indiana coalitions received grants. They include:
- Substance Misuse Prevention and Harm Reduction Coalition
- Youth First Inc.
- Porter County Substance Abuse Council
- Drug-Free Coalition of Tippecanoe County
- Staying Alive, Franklin County LCC
- Decatur County Community Action Coalition
- Adams County Substance Abuse Awareness Council, Inc.
- Delaware County Coordinating Council
- Intersect, Inc.
- Hamilton County Council on Alcohol and Other Drugs
- Grassroots Prevention Coalition of Clark County
- The Drug-Free Partnership of LaPorte County
- Neighborhoods Against Substance Abuse
- Drug-Free Marion County
The national government promotes more intensive measures to ease the percentage of drug abuse. In Indiana, this battle is an epic saga all its people should actively participate.